The pinnacle point of space exploration was the so-called space race from (1955-1972), between the United States and the Soviet Union. The U.S and the U.S.S.R were in competition to determine who will be the first man to land on the moon. The race required an immensely high budget for NASA, which created fast improvement for space technology.
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In 1960, NASA scientist developed a thin plastic-coated metallic reflecting agent. Making it a metallized polyethylene terephthalate (MPET), usually gold or silver in color that reflects 90% of radiation heat. Known as the Emergency Blanket, when it was in use it reflects about 80% of the user’s body heat back to them, At the time, Thermo-Lite was being used as bed sheets in hospital settings as passive hypothermia prevention for pre-and post-operational patients, for staff in scrubs who work in chilled environments, and as surgical drapes, often including a cut-out access area, giving surgeons access to specific areas of the body while covering the rest.
The sheets were softer and quieter than most reflective insulating materials, as they did not have the crinkle and rustle of metallized plastics (2006 Pg.57) . Not only was it used for astronauts to help them bear the cold temperature going into deep space, but also was included into emergency kits and post-marathon runners to avoid a large fluctuation in body temperature. Another valuable innovation from space is Nitinol, Nitinol is a titanium nickel wire that reveals super-elasticity. It was developed to enable satellites to open after being folded into a rocket. Today we use it to help orthodontist appoint patients with braces.
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