What were the 3 Jim Crow laws?

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Jim Crow was not a real man he was a personal theater character by Thomas D. Rice and an ethnic deprivation in accordance with contemporary white ideas of African – American and their culture. Imparted by white democrat – dominated state legislators after the reconstruction period in the late 19th centuries.

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He was a black character that was played by a white man named Thomas D.Rice which was a white man. It was of a racial segregation in the Southern United States. The play was called Jumped Jim Crow!! Therefore, Jim Crow came about because of a fictional character, however, the impact it had on African Americans was far from fictional as these became laws that governed African Americans.

Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. Enacted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by conservative white Democrats-dominated state legislatures after the Reconstruction period, the laws were enforced until 1965(www.history.com).The legal principle of “separate, but equal” racial segregation was extended to public facilities and transportation, including the coaches of interstate trains and buses. Facilities for African Americans were consistently inferior and underfunded, compared to the facilities for white Americans; sometimes there were no black facilities(www.history.com). As a body of law, Jim Crow institutionalized economic, educational, and social disadvantages for African Americans. Legalized racial segregation principally existed in the Southern states, while Northern racial segregation generally was a matter of fact enforced in housing with private covenants in leases, bank lending-practices, and employment-preference discrimination, including labor-union practices(www. history.com).

From the 1870s, Southern state legislators, no longer controlled by carpetbaggers and freedmen, passed laws requiring the separating in public transportation and schools. Generally, anyone of ascertainable or strongly suspected black ancestry in any degree was for that purpose a person of colour; the pre-civil War distinction favouring those whose ancestry was known to be mixedparticularly the half-French free persons of colour in Louisianawas abandoned. The segregation principle was extended to parks, cemeteries, theatres, and restaurants in an effort to prevent any contact between blacks and whites as equals.

In the South United States, Jim Crow laws and legal racial segregation in public facilities existed from the late 19th century into the 1950s. The civil rights movement was initiated by Southern blacks in the 1950s and 60s to break the prevailing pattern of segregation.

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