Utilitarianism And Its Philosophy

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Utilitarianism philosophy is a consequentialist moral concept. An act is right or wrong from its results. John Stuart Mill was an important scholar in producing this idea of philosophy.

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This philosophy holds that any activity that results in the higher quantity of happiness in the world is the good act and and any action that results in pain or suffering is wrong. Utilitarian philosophy is the moral concept which acts as the guidance on how people should behave at specific times and was first presented by hedonist (pursuer of pleasure) named Jeremy Bentham who put forward the ?Principle of Utility’ which is the greatest happiness for the greatest number. Utilitarianism is an effort to provide an answer to the practical question What ought a person to do? The answer is that a person ought to act so as to produce the best consequences possible. The problem with philosophy is its bare-bones claim that ethics depends completely on calculations of results. Philosophers nowadays are described to simple formulae and simple explanations for complicated philosophical puzzles. Yet ethical decision making is seems to be one field that cannot be accounted for with a simple procedure. The current ethical decision making process depends on that patchwork of different theories and explanations that cannot be reduced to one simple topic.

Pope John Paul II, following his personalist philosophy, argued that a danger of utilitarianism is that it tends to make persons, just as much things, the object of use. Utilitarianism, he wrote, is a civilization of production and use, a civilization of things and not persons, a civilization in which persons are used in the same way in which things are used. In other words, utilitarianism dehumanizes people by excluding basic human rights and emotions. It is solely a calculus. Zombie films are a great example of this. One in particular, that everyone knows and loves, is The Walking Dead. When the world is thrust into a less than desirable and apocalyptic reality, people become increasingly utilitarian, not only to protect themselves, but the people around them. (The living people.) When the dead rise, the characters are forced to throw out their emotions and be more utilitarian for everyone’s sake. For specific example, Carol kills Karen and David to prevent the illness they had contracted from spreading throughout the prison.

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