BACKGROUND TO RESEACH The United Kingdom Points Based System (PBS) was introduced by the Labour government in February 2008 to replace the complex visa system. The new points based system is governed by Immigration rules. The UK Border Agency (UKBA) introduced this new immigration control system to manage applications from people who wish to come to the UK to study, work and do business.
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Points System are designed to â€˜maximise surplusâ€™ that is, the part of the additional output and income generated by immigration. Points Based System is classified into five different tiers namely:- Tier 1: Highly Skilled migrants, Entrepreneurs, Investors
- General (now closed)
- Entrepreneurs – For those who want to set up or take over an existing business, and be actively involved in running a business in the UK.
- Investors – For those who want to make a substantial financial investment in the UK. Like the entrepreneurs, it offers three years grant of leave.
- Post study work (now closed)
- Exceptional Talent – For those who have exceptional talents in the arts or sciences.
- Graduate Entrepreneurs – For graduates who have been identified by a UK university holding a world class entrepreneurial skills to apply to stay in the UK after graduation.
Tier 2 â€“ Skilled Workers outside the European Economic Area (EEA)
- General – for people coming to the United Kingdom with a job offer to fill a vacant position that cannot be filled by people in the UK.
- Intra Company Transfers – For Employees of multinational firms who are being transferred by an overseas employer to a skilled job in a UK-based branch of the organisation
- Ministers of Religion – For Preaching and Pastoral work, missionaries or members of religious orders
- Sportsperson – For internationally established sportsperson and coaches at highest level.
However, to qualify under this tier, you need a sponsorship from an organisation that has a valid certificate of sponsor registered with the UK Border Agency. Tier 3 â€“ Unskilled Temporary Migration
Tier 4 â€“ International Students
- Students (General) for post-16 education
- Students (Child) for children aged between 4 and 16 attending independent schools. New restrictions were implemented on the 6th of April, 2012. All studentsâ€™ visas are classed under tier 4 and to qualify, applicant must have a valid confirmation of Acceptance for Studies from a university or a recognised education institution.
Tier 5 â€“ Temporary Workers, Working Holiday Makers
- Youth mobility – For Working holiday makers (restricted to a few countries)
- Temporary Workers For creative and sporting,