The disease I wish to discuss is type- 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This illness affects many, and the development of new cases continue to grow at an alarming rate. Along with the 26 million estimated to be living with T2DM, an astounding 79 million currently live with prediabetes (Moses, Mawby & Philips, 2003). These numbers alone serve as indication as to why I wish to address this illness as incredibly important.
Without diving too deep into the havoc this disease brings upon those suffering from it, these numbers alone show why prevention of this disease is paramount. Among the list of preventative measures, the two easiest and most achievable for those wishing to prevent the onset of such disease are diet and exercise. While many other factors contribute to the onset of this disease, these two are the biggest and also most correctable factors influencing one’s susceptibility to the onset of T2DM.
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Exercise is the first topic I wish to address. It has be proven time after time that exercise is in fact an important part of preventing the onset of T2DM. One study concludes that with moderate exercise, instances of T2DM was reduced by 58% (Funnell, 2003). And so, the first preventive measure I wish to implement is simple, moderate physical activity. While it is true that little is known about this disease, and for the meantime anyway, not curable, most every study concludes with similar results; moderate physical activity dramatically reduces your risk of developing this disease.
Second in the prevention of the onset of T2DM are changes to diet. One study indicates a 31% decrease in the development of the disease when following healthier eating guidelines (Deed et al.,
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