The article,Thinking does not imply subjugating by Steven Pinker focuses on the human power to use reason. Steven further interrogates how the process of reasoning is achieved. He notes that the whole human nature of reasoning and having some belie alone and cannot be transferred to any machines. He notes that beliefs are related to information that we are fed with, thinking is all about computing and calculating and motivation is closely related and influenced by feedback and control.
Also, he puts into consideration the fact that man as natural as he is. He brings into light Charles Darwin and his presupposition about the belief in religion and spirits and how Turing later came to contest it insisting on more reasoning when it comes to dealing with religion and spiritual matters.
When it comes to computations and calculations he acknowledges the fact that there exists machines and technology that accurately carry out computations. However, it is only in theory that it seems possible for these machines to outdo human capability.
Previously, the technology experts anticipated that with time the technology would outdo the humans but apparently none of that has happened. Still they are the same experts who were of the opinion that with time there would be so much in the technological advancements with underwater cities and other dream technology but still that has not come to been. They speculate the possibility of an Al system outdoing the man that builds it but this could be theoretically dreamt of but practically impossible. Steven suggests that man, its maker could predict such a scenario early enough and curb it accordingly. He questions the ability of the robots to reason.
Sam Harris, the author ofCan We Avoid a Digital Apocalypse questions the ability of artificially built machines to possess the same intelligence as man. Harris says that that would only be possible if the human brain is emulated in all aspects, which is impossible as even humans cannot source their intelligence. The author further goes ahead to show how machines could do all the work and render the human population unemployed. This would mean all those that provide labor would die in poverty as those they work for flourish in making more money as the production would even increase. He also overrules the possibility of having a super intelligent technology that would control itself without being programmed.
According to me, I think Steven presented his casein a better way than Harris. He managed to project the fact that there was no way that technology could outsmart its maker without being controlled.
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