Social Constructionist theory, Symbolic theory and Emotion-Focused Practice Theory discussed in the following paper, only touches a small scale of the wide scope of the Theories of Emotional Intelligence. Researchers are finding more information to prove their stance, including using MRI machines and biological testing. The idea is to have emotional stability, while living, working and moving through society.
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How we act and react to each other in conversations, work places and family matters are deemed important for a successful and fulfilling life. People trying to adapt and be accepted into a society are expected to play by the rules and customs. On a deeper level, it is important to be able to communicate effectively and imperative to be able to consciously convey primary and secondary emotions. More than ever, it is important to be in touch with your feelings. Emotional Intelligence is a theory of how people react internally and externally to social situations and interactions. A persons ability to quickly process and respond to their environment according to an internal assessment is paramount to this theory. It is believed that a person has to have control over their emotions, reactions and actions during communication with other people and have an understanding of their internal dialog simultaneously to have this intelligence. They should be able to assess and predict outcomes and weigh variables quickly to avoid embarrassment or strife. According to Daniel Goleman, people are not equally emotionally intelligent about themselves and other people. A person may be more apt to sense other peoples discomfort or distress before they notice their own (Hutchison, 2017).
There are several theories that will be discussed, yet many investigating the field have come up with different interpretations and have greatly expanded the use of this term. The term Emotional Intelligence originated from psychologists, John D. Mayer, Peter Salovey and David R.Caruso, in 1990 with the idea that: Some individuals possess the ability to reason about and use emotions to enhance thought more effectively than others it was viewed as groups of related mental abilities and the ability to monitor ones own and others feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guides ones thinking and actions (American Psychologist, 2008). Additional researchers have expanded this view point to an eclectic mix of traits adding happiness, optimism and self management and other momentary emotions, (American Psychologist, 2008), changing the original idea and causing confusing among researchers on where to focus: Primary emotions are fairly simple to understand. They are your reactions to external events. Some precipitating event may cause you to experience emotion. Example: You may feel sad that someone hurt you or anxious about an upcoming test. A secondary emotion is when you feel something about the feeling itself. Example: You may feel anger about being hurt or shame about your anxiety.
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