The Spread of the Black Death

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The Black Death was a catastrophic event that caused many people to die, because of 3 different strains of plague. The plague was so strong it killed almost 60 percent of Europe’s population, around 25 million people. The most common plague people would get was the Bubonic plague.

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The Bubonic plague is a bacterial infection that is transmitted by fleas or rodents, causing inflammation in the victim’s lymph node. It presented swollen lymph nodes that grew as large as a chicken’s egg that grew on the groin, armpit, as well as on the neck. The other two strands of plague were the Pneumonic and Septicemic plagues, both having almost a hundred percent death rate. Pneumonic plague is caused when the bacteria spread to the lungs, causing people to cough initiating the person to person spread of disease. The Septicemic plague is spread through the bloodstream and causing the multiplication of the bacteria in the blood prohibiting any cure for the person. Many symptoms were presented when being infected by the plague, some of the most common indications were; fever, headaches, and seizures. It also caused most of the infected body parts to turn black, hints to why it’s called the Black Death.

The main reason the outbreak occurred was because the Europeans began to trade with the East. Trading was an important factor of the spreading this disease, because some of the people who were involved with trading were infected with the bacteria or carried it in some of their exports. It is said that the Bubonic plague was spreading at an alarming rate concerning many people that lived in Italy. Most of the Europeans that had heard of the epidemic had no idea what it was and were worried of what the bacteria could cause. People did not know that the bacteria was carried by the rodents and fleas that moved from places to places, neither were ready for the horrible reality that the Black Death was. Sicily was the first location in Europe to encounter the Bubonic plague, to later spread the disease to Marseille along the trade routes. It was not long before the illness started to spread once more, but now at even a greater speed, that in on the year of 1348 it infected six town. Those six towns being Venice, Central Italy, Paris, England, London, and Austria. The plague also continued to spread to among trading routes to Moscow and Germany.

Religion was becoming a speculation among the people.

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