Genetically Modified organisms, or GMO’s as some may call it, have altered DNA, intended to enhance the plant’s value. Scientists take pieces of desired genes and put them into certain plants, to hopefully have an outcome of an organism with a higher nutritional, cosmetic, and market value. Unlike selective breeding, which can take years to produce a sought after trait or traits, genetically modified plants can produce those traits within a harvest season.
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Genetic modification produces a generally similar product as selective breeding would, just in a more controlled, time reduced setting. The FDA, food and drug administration, controls the standards that are put on any product that is sold and marketed to consumers. The FDA states that any and all genetically modified foods are required to meet the exact same requirements that non-modified foods are expected to meet.
The list of Pro’s for genetically modified organisms greatly exceeds the few that will be discussed here; however, these are the most commonly talked about. Genetically modified plants, like corn, soybeans, and cotton, tend to have a faster growing period. With this faster growing period, harvests keep up with supply and demand. GMO plants also are modified for their nutritional value. When the genes are swapped or replaced, it includes the genes that are connected to the vitamins and minerals that the plant provides the consumer. Modifying the genes of a plant can effect its immunity to pests and weeds. This immunity can lead to higher yields , or the amount of product that is able to be produced in a growing season. These higher yields are related to the success rates of the farmers, causing them to gain more of a profit than before. This raise in profit allows the markets to sell the products for less to the consumers, saving everyone money in the long run. Along with immunity is the reduction of the use of pesticides and herbicides. Pesticides and herbicides have the potential to be harmful to consumers. When they don’t need to be used, or need to be used in much smaller amounts than before, it makes the product more desirable to consumers.
Many of these pro’s tie into each other, including the cost efficiency of GMO’s. When products cost the producer less to grow, it in turn costs the consumers less to purchase those products. When farmers grow normal crops, there is a percentage of these seeds that they had to pay for, but never return product. There is also plants that are destroyed by pests and weeds,
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