The Battle of Gettysburg was a changed the outcome of the Civil War. The first major win of the Union in a long while, it served as a morale booster and proof that the north had a chance of winning. By this point the war had been going on for two years since the first Battle of Bull Run and both sides were getting desperate. No one believed the war would go on for as long as it did, and with no sure victory in sight, things were getting tense.
General Robert E. Lee was in command of the entire Confederate Army. He had just won two big battles at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, and he was feeling pretty confident. He was, of course, very shaken by the loss of Stonewall Jackson, his second in command, who had been accidentally shot by his own men during the Battle of Chancellorsville. The rest of the army was also remorseful of the loss of the beloved military genius, so Lee decided that it would be good for morale as well as the war itself if the Confederacy won a battle in Union territory, so he marched everyone north.
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General Meade, who was in charge of the Union armies at the time, realized the Confederacy was moving north but he didn’t know where they were going, so he also took his army north to defend Washington D.C. the capital of the north. During the march, the army went through a small Pennsylvania town called Gettysburg. Of no major importance, the town was like any other and no paid it much attention until it was realized that ten major roads all converged at Gettysburg, making it perfect to be on the look-out for the Southern army. The Union army took up post and remained alert.
Around the same time, the Confederacy happened to be passing nearby, and a reconnaissance team was sent out to check the surrounding area, constantly on edge because neither army knew where the other was. During the recon mission, the union was discovered and the Battle of Gettysburg began at Mcpherson Ridge on July 1st,
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