What is the LGBTQ community you might be wondering? LGBTQ is a culture shared by Lesbians, Gays, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning individuals. In a recent study according to (Gates, n.d.), there are approximately 9 million people who identify themselves as members of the LGBTQ Community in America today. According to (Greve, 2016) This indicates the LGBTQ Community is larger than the population of 40 American States.
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According to the past 14 years of hate crime data, Mark potok of the Southern Poverty Law Center recently told the PBS Newshour, LGBT People are targeted for violent hate crimes at a rate of 2x that of Muslims or African Americans, 4x that of Jews and 14x that of Latinos (Greve, 2016). This Community was the definition of oppressed by society. Understanding the LGBTQ Culture starts with understanding the history of oppression and discrimination that they have faced for many years and how they are still struggling for equality today. According to (Goldman, 2018), Barack Obama once said When all Americans are treated as equal, no matter who they are or whom they love, we are all more free.
They were not like everybody else, it wasn’t just their sexual preference. Being gay was a culture. According to (Marcus, 2002), When we tried to explain this to somebody, I would explain that I was using culture in the sociology sense, as a body of language, feelings, thinking, certain words. My whole person, my whole being, my whole character, my whole life, differed and differs from heterosexuals, not just my sexual preference. (p.24). The LGBTQ Community first began making waves in America way back in 1950. The movement all started with groups of gay men and lesbians meeting secretly in many Los Angeles locations to talk about their lives, as well as their hopes and dreams. What
lead to these secret meetings you might ask? According to (Marcus, 2002) The Gay Awakening all started due to the World War II and the Cold War, gays became targets of institutionalized discrimination in the military as well as government employment. LGBTQ individuals were both tolerated in the military service, and sentenced to severe punishment, if not death, in the Holocaust. Across the country LGBTQ individuals became the targets of police harassment and entrapment. Due to the discrimination, LGBTQ men and women gathered together and created meetings to explore who and what they were; debated whether they were sick, as psychiatrists claimed, and argued among each other on what they should, or could, do to improve their standard of living in America. (p. 21) They were the definition of oppressed by society.
As the LGBTQ Community grew bigger, they became even more oppressed. According to (Marcus, 2002), Many Articles in the Miami Daily News arose,
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