Globalization is described as the interconnectedness of people and places. While there are pros and cons to this ideology, it has been proven to create a sense of a global community. Globalization has been said to be both voluntarily and involuntarily responsible for the rapid growth of human trafficking.
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Human trafficking is described by the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation (UNODC, 2018). The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that there are 2.4 billion people in the world at any given time involved in forced labor and subjected to exploitation as a result of trafficking (ILO 2008).
The more globalization progresses and integration flourishes throughout countries, the more successful human trafficking becomes. Human trafficking heightens with the help of globalization just like in the old days. Slave trade in the past was a main import and export for countries at that time. By analyzing slave trade in the past, it can be predicted that human trafficking will also heighten economic globalization today. The ILO estimates that human trafficking is responsible for a profit of around $32 million globally (ILO 2008). A new idea of a fourth world has been introduced by Erika Polakoff. Millions of homeless, incarcerated, impoverished, and otherwise socially excluded people come together to make up the fourth world (Polakoff,
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