The Effects of Fad Diets on the Body

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People are always interested in attempting new trends, especially trends that can assist in improving personal appearance. The promise of using a temporary diet for spectacular results is the main reason “Fad Diets” are thriving with the population of our country. Since they provide the results countless people desire, nobody stops to think if they are actually beneficial for our bodies and of the health risks people might face. The most popular diets presently are the Mediterranean, Keto and Paleo; which we researched to see the benefits and downfalls to our bodies and health.

Mediterranean Diet

Mediterranean diet has been around for centuries and is consists of foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, fish, poultry and a minimal amount of red meat. Other sources such as healthy fats like olive oil and even a moderate amount of red wine are included. All of these food products are incredibly healthy and beneficial for the body and can be considered a well-rounded nutritious diet due to it containing all of the food groups.

Scientific research has found it can reduce cardiovascular disease as well as assisting with weight loss, lowering cholesterol, improving rheumatoid arthritis, lowering the risks of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and various cancers. To further enforce how beneficial this diet is to anyone wanting to attempt it, a study was performed in Northern Italy on an elderly population. According to the Journal of the American College of Nutrition (2018), “Our results show that the MD is associated with a lower prevalence of cognitive impairment in an Italian elderly population. The overall dietary pattern, with a synergic intake of protective key foods (i.e, typical single components of the MD pattern), may lead to a delay in the onset of cognitive impairment” (p. 498). The key factors are said to be that the foods included have nutrients with assorted functions such as omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B and E; which have anti-oxidant and inflammatory effects that can prevent multiple chronic diseases.

Research has not shown many risks in adopting this diet but have discovered that people tend to forget that exercise is equally as important to obtain the full benefits and can turn the benefits into health risks.

Ketogenic Diet

This diet has generated an intense and popular following primarily due to the amazing weight loss effects that can result from it yet is actually a surprisingly old diet, 100 years old. The main target for this diet was to treat child epilepsy. It consists of a high fat, low carbohydrate (less than 20-50 grams a day) and regular protein intake. The foods recommended for this diet are meat, fish and seafood, eggs, natural fat and high fat sauces, high fat diary, nuts, vegetables growing above ground and berries.

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