THE DEATH PENALTY Abstract The article focuses on the law of death penalty which was established in the seventh B.C. the death penalty included the laws for such actions or deed committed by people who commit a sin or an action is regarded as unlawful. In this article, Death Penalty has been discussed with its history in the nineteenth and twentieth century. The article also discusses various standpoints keeping in view the different religions, such as, Islam and Christianity. Furthermore, the human rights and death penalty are related that how the punishment affects the rights of people and what are the opinions of people regarding the death penalty. Another important aspect regarding the society is discussed that what is the effect of death penalty on the society? Has it reduced the crime rate or not? Introduction Death penalty is known as capital punishment, executed by the law governing body of a state. It is executed where a serious crime is committed, for example, murder, rape, or any other form of serious crimes. Around one third of the countries allow death penalty. Such countries include China, Iran and United States, where the death penalties are executed on a large scale. Still, there are many countries who do not allow death penalty as a solution for a crime. These countries are Canada, Australia and Mexico who have abolished the rule about death penalty. However, many other countries have different strategies and policies which they implement for the death penalty on people even with some less serious crimes of drug business, robbery, and others. Early Centuries (B.C and A.D) First time in the history, the death penalty law was established in Eighteenth century B.C for 25 different types of crimes. In fact it does not start from Eighteenth century, as death penalty was also a part of the Fourteenth Century B.C, Even if history is viewed a little bit back then in the Seventh Century B.C there were laws for the crimes. According to those laws, death was the only punishment for all the crimes. In the fifteenth Century punishment for the crimes was also death or to use such ways to punish that leads to the death of the criminal. In the Tenth Era A.D., hanging became the regular method of execution in UK. Within the following century, William the master wouldn’t permit people to be hanged or otherwise dead for any misconduct, excluding in eras of war. Some common strategies of execution at that point were steaming, fiery at the stake, hanging, decapitation, and depiction and dividing. Implementations were administered for such capital evil doing as wedding a Jew, not admitting to a criminal crime, and disloyalty. The number of center corruptions in UK continued to rise throughout subsequent two eras. By the 1700s, 222 misconducts were indictable by death in UK, together with stealing, thinning out a tree, and robbing a rabbit warren. Due to the severity of the execution, several juries wouldn’t convict defendants if the offense wasn’t serious.
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