Addiction does not have any specific targets and it is surreal to think that anyone from any age, race, background, gender, and ethnicity can become affected with substance abuse from harmful drugs and alcohol. This of course includes pregnant women. Normally, a woman goes through a very joyful and exciting stage when she finds out she is pregnant. She immediately shuts her unhealthy habits out of her life in order to protect her little one. However, this is not the case for women who become pregnant while suffering from alcohol/drug addiction. Pregnant women who suffers from drug addiction are very likely to have a miscarriage or pass on a birth defect on to their baby.
This study examines the effects of substance abuse to pregnant women and the after effects of their addiction onto their children. According to Debra Apollo from her article Pregnancy and Drug Use, in Adolescent Health & Wellness, from 2008 to 2009, 4.5 percent of pregnant girls and women from the age of fifteen to forty-four years and 7.1% of women age eighteen to twenty-five years admitted that they have used drugs in the past month. The most common drugs that were used during pregnancy are cocaine, benzodiazepines, and heroin. Most of these women used drugs during their first trimester and the usage decreased as their pregnancy went further.
The causes of drug addiction may come from lots of different factors. One explanation can be from the family’s history and it may carry a genetic risk that may or may not be passed on to. However, a person with no family history of substance abuse can also become addicted as they could be using large amounts of substances repetitively that it comes to the point where they would not be able to survive without it.
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