The Convention on the Law of the Sea

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Introduction ITLOS Description How and why was it formed? Rules Members Functions Dispute process ITLOS 1st Dispute Description Parties Involved Legal Principles and Issues Involved Outcome ITLOS 2nd Dispute Description Parties Involved Legal Principles and Issues Involved Outcome ICJ ICJ 1st dispute Description Parties involved Legal principles and issues involved Outcome ICJ 2nd dispute Description Parties involved Legal principles and issues involved Outcome References

Introduction

On 16th November 1994 the convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) came into force, it was establish in 1982. The purpose of this convention is to provide nations with four methods to resolve maritime disputes, two of these methods were (1) submit the dispute to the international Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) and (2) the adjudication of the dispute by the international court of justice, (ICJ).

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ITLOS

Description

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the United NationsConvention on the Law of the Sea to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention.

How and why was it formed?

The Tribunal came into existence following the entry into force of the Convention on 16November 1994. After the election of the first judges on 1 August 1996, the Tribunal took up its work in Hamburg on 1 October 1996. The official inauguration of the Tribunal was held on 18 October 1996. The Tribunal was established as a specialized tribunal to deal with disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention https://www.itlos.org/general-information/

Rules

Membership 1. No two members of the Tribunal may be nationals of the same State. Aperson who for the purposes of membership in the Tribunal could be regarded as a national of more than one State shall be deemed to be a national of the one in which he ordinarily exercises civil and political rights. 2. There shall be no fewer than three members from each geographical group as established by the General Assembly of the United Nations. https://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/closindx.htm Section 1 Article 2

Members

The Tribunal is composed of 21 independent members elected by secret ballot by the States Parties to the Convention. Each State Party may nominate up to two candidates from among persons enjoying the highest reputation for fairness and integrity and of recognized competence in the field of the law of the sea. No two members may be nationals of the same State and in the Tribunal as a whole it is necessary to assure the representation of the principal legal systems of the world and equitable geographical distribution; there shall be no fewer than three members from each geographical group as established by the General Assembly of the United Nations (African States,

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