Breast cancer is something that affects women on a daily basis. Breast Cancer is a disease caused by many different biological factors. It forms through cells that form together and become malignant. Different things can play into women getting breast cancer. Genes, age, race, and many other things can contribute to the spread or survival of those with breast cancer. Many studies have come out looking into the prevention of breast cancer and increasing the survival of those diagnosed.
Key Words: Breast cancer, spread and survival, prevention
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Breast cancer is the leading diagnosed cancer in women and the second leading cause of malignancy death, next to lung cancer(Bevers 2015). Around 234,190 cases of invasive breast cancer have been diagnosed with around 40,290 deaths from this cancer in 2015(Bevers 2015).
As women age, the risk for breast cancer increases which means they should start doing more preventative measures to stop the possibilities of getting cancer at an early age. Researchers suggest preventative measures such as risk reduction and risk reduction surgery(Bevers 2015). These however need to be carefully thought about and discussed with doctors to decide if this is the best option and if you are at a risk for psychological or physical damage(Bevers 2015).
Many Doctors and researchers have done multiple types of test to have these preventative measures in place to begin in women who are at a higher risk for breast cancer or who have lower staged cancer. In one case, immunotherapy doctors use checkpoint inhibitors, chimeric antigen-receptor T cells, and tumor infiltrating T cells are all used a have a positive impact on cancer patients(University of Connecticut School of Medicine 2017). Although this seems like a promising idea, the amount of people in complete remission is less than 25%(UCSM 2017). Limitations also are a factor in this such as it is challenging to identify the cancer antigens in a rapid fashion.(UCSM 2017). The most effective way to look into preventative measures is through genome sequencing and to do a personalized immune system assessment(UCSM 2017).
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