# Sir Isaac Newton Biography

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Sir Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643 in Lincolnshire, England. He was a famous English Physicist and Mathematician. He made many contributions in the areas of physics, mathematics, astronomy, and science during the period of the Scientific Revolution.

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His greatest contribution and what he is known best for would be Newton’s Laws. The first law states that, Every object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a straight line unless compelled to change its state by the action of an external force.(www.britannica.com/biography/Isaac-Newton) The second law states that, The acceleration of an object is dependent upon two variables–the net force acting upon the object, and the mass of the object. Newton’s third law states that, For every action, there is a equal and opposite reaction.(www.NewtonsLaw.com)

Newton laid the foundations for classical mechanics. In it, he formulated his Three Laws of Motion, which were inspired from Johann Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion and his own mathematical description of gravity. They describe the relationship between a body and the forces acting upon it, and its motion in response to those forces. These laws are important because they affect us as a society in everything we do and see in the world. It explains how we don’t float out up into the sky, how cars work, how water flows and basically just how everything around us moves. We base most things off of force and it is important to know what type of force is involved. For example, gravity, friction, or tension. He set this foundation and this theory to help others understand more about motion and the theory of gravity.