Psychopathic Traits in Childhood and Their Effects on Delinquency

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Problem Statement

Misbehavior exhibited by youths has been increasing each day in the current societies. The behavior can be of various forms and have different ways of understanding them. Rebellious behaviors seen in youths and the juveniles are related basically to their unwillingness or inability to obey and follow the norms of a certain community and have respect for the authority or for the rights of other people in the society. The behaviors can be exhibited in lighter forms such as absenteeism from school or in more serious forms and aspects such as homicide and rape. These acts are related and can never take place as incidents that are isolated (Assary et al 2014). Actions that include attacking another person or shoplifting are different in seriousness since they are looked at by the common law that abides the citizens and the authorities. Most of the youths however occasionally involve themselves in antisocial and illegal actions with a few of them committing serious offences in a regular manner. The few of them that get involved in persistent serious acts account for a significant portion of the total antisocial offences committed. This portion therefore makes it necessary for the investigations to go on. The link between criminality and having attributes of psychopaths are very strong. However, it is just recently that the communities of criminology appreciated the specific qualities of psychopathy as developing in the youths and are unevenly distributed in the society. In appreciation, the study appraises the importance of the qualities of psychopathic callous-unemotional in the youths together with vital variables related to criminology that would be used to explain the violence (Assary et al 2014). According to the results, the callous-unemotional qualities remain strong among the ancient criminological variables that were used to explain violence in the juveniles. In addition, the callous-unemotional traits are seen to relate with major criminological covariates in such a way that when the levels of one construct becomes higher the effects of the others associates in violence and criminal actions is weakened. In its adult exhibition psychopathy is seen as a personality disorder that is so much complex and is characterized by gathering affective, interpersonal and behavioral qualities. The incidence rate of psychopathy in the overall population mostly ranges from 0.5%-1% and 15%-25% in the confined population. Those suffering from this disorder do not have feelings of empathy, remorse or even guilt. They also lack responsibility and fear for punishment and may find it hard to regulate their emotions. The symptomologies of psychopathy seem to be similar through the lifespan that is during childhood or adolescence or adulthood. Psychopathic behavior may be inherited in children and adolescents. Though there have been several studies to examine the psychopathic behavior in the early childhood, few of these studies have tried to examine the relationship between negative and conflictive relationships between the parent and the psychopathic child and adolescent tendencies. This is possibly explained by the circumstance that most of these researchers have left out the impacts of early ecological influences on the psychopathic behavior development.

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