Protecting the Endangered Species Act

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Every animal is a part of an intricate ecosystem that includes our lands and waters. Losing even one of those parts, causes severe damage to the ecosystem. It’s necessary to ensure the survival of these ecosystems because they provide clean water, breathable air, fertile soils, climate control, and energy.

There are many organizations in place that are working to protect endangered species and their habitats; unfortunately, their attempts have only been mildly successful in repairing the damages. Currently there are 41,415 species endangered around the world, increasing by 16,118 species in one year alone (National Geographic Society). Endangered species are technically defined as: a type of organism that is threatened by extinction. Species become endangered for two main reasons:loss of habitat and loss of genetic variation (National Geographic Society). Of these two main factors in the endangerment of species, the destruction, or pollution, of the animals native habitat is most commonly occuring because of humans. Two of the many species on the endangered list that are affected by loss of habitat are the polar bears and the bees. Polar bears plays a very important role in the Arctic Circle. They ensure that seals, and other prey, do not overpopulate the Arctic. If polar bears were to go extinct, the population levels of walruses, seals, and whales would increase drastically and become a problem for the remaining wildlife (Polar Bear). There is very little vegetation in the Arctic Circle; if the apex predator was eliminated and the herbivore population increased, there would not be enough vegetation to feed them all. Like the polar bears, bees also have an essential role in the ecosystem. They are the primary, and most effective, species that fertilize many edible plants. Their extinction would affect plants, animals, and humans alike. Without bees there would not be enough plants on the planet for the survival of humans or animals (Daftardar). With the decline in plant populations, the herbivores would eventually go extinct, leading to the carnivores to follow in suit.

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What are we doing to save the endangered species around the world? In 1973, Congress passed the Endangered Species Act or ESA (Protecting the Endangered Species Act). The implementation of this act recognizes that endangered and threatened wildlife and plants are of esthetic, ecological, educational, historical, recreational, and scientific value to the Nation and its people (Protecting the Endangered Species Act). The purpose of the ESA is to protect and recover endangered species and in turn, the ecosystems they affect. While this organization was in affect, 190 countries met and debated for 11 years deciding which strategic goals to implement. Their plan is to give greater protection to the natural world and enshrine the benefits it gives to humankind in a legally binding code of protection (Countries Join Forces to Save Life on Earth).

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