Pompey’s Favor of the Senate Over Julius Caesar

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Pompey was a Roman general who played a major part during the time of the First Triumvirate and the rise of Julius Caesar. He was an active participant in Roman politics, in which he controlled the food supply and conquered many foreign regions in the name of Rome (Woolf, 139). During his lifetime, he created tense relationships with both the Senate and with Julius Caesar.

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With the threat of civil war due to conflicts with Caesar, Pompey had to make a choice: side with Caesar, or side with the Senate. He decided the right choice was to side with the latter. Pompey had justified reasons to support his choice to go against Caesar such as he had family ties related to the Senate, they shared a fear of Caesar’s success, and his previous relations in the Roman government.

One reason was that, Pompey had family ties that were related to the Senate. This allowed him to obtain special commands that benefited both him and the Senate (Whalen, Sandvick. What was the contribution of Pompey the Great to Roman history?).Pompey had been born into a family that was in the senatorial class, due to his father Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo (Whalen, Sandvick. What was the contribution of Pompey the Great to Roman history?). His family was particularly powerful in Picenum, which was a region that was east of Rome (Whalen, Sandvick. What was the contribution of Pompey the Great to Roman history?). This allowed the family to have clients to create their own private army, which they used to side with Marius during his war versus Sulla, the dictator of Rome at the time. (Whalen, Sandvick. What was the contribution of Pompey the Great to Roman history?). So when Gnaeus passed away, Pompey was able to obtain this private army, and his family’s land which he put to good use. (Whalen, Sandvick. What Was the Contribution of Pompey the Great to Roman History?) He first switched sides of the war and became a lieutenant of Sulla (Coolidge, 16). When Sulla passed away, Pompey was in a position where he could go into dictatorship over Rome (Coolidge, 16). To the Senate’s relief, he declined the offer (Coolidge, 16).

The opposition to his attempted dictatorship pleased the Senate, who greatly disliked the idea of a single ruler (Coolidge, 16). Pompey was also able to use his private army to get special commands from the Senate (Whalen, Sandvick. What was the contribution of Pompey the Great to Roman history?). In Spain he was able to end the rule of Sertorius (Wasson First Triumvirate). This allowed him to conquer and effectively lead Spain (Whalen, Sandvick. What was the contribution of Pompey the Great to Roman history?). This conquering benefitted both Pompey and the Senate,

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