Due to the increasing recognition of women’s liberties, there has been an increase in the number of institutions aimed at safeguarding these rights. These institutions include Planned Parenthood, which is committed to the promotion of reproductive health. Moreover, with the legalization of abortion, following the ruling in Roe v.
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Wade, the organization has expanded its array of services to support women’s right to terminate unwanted pregnancies. However, political and economic attacks launched by conservative social and political groups have undermined the organization’s access to federal funds and subsequently, its capability to offer a broad gamut of quality, evidence-based, and comprehensive reproductive health solutions.
Roe v. Wade (1973) advanced the recognition of women’s right to control their reproductive destiny. The Supreme Court’s ruling, in the case, awarded women the right to opt to terminate their pregnancies (Primrose, 2012). Later decisions at the state and federal levels upheld this ruling. For instance, in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, the court held that women’s ability to control their reproductive lives was established (Primrose, 2012). These judgments suggest that in the post-Roe v. Wade period, there is a surge in the acceptance of Planned Parenthood. However, the legislative attacks aimed at the organization indicate that the pro-choice ruling enhanced the institution’s susceptibility to opposition from pro-life groups.
Planned Parenthood is one of the largest nonprofit providers of reproductive health services in the country. In addition to providing preventive care, the organization also offers a myriad of necessary health services (Primrose, 2012). However, those opposed to the organization often neglect to recognize the broad gamut of care services provided by the organization and choose to focus on the perceived role of the organization in promoting moral corruption and access to on-demand abortions. The argument presented by conservative political leaders demonstrate this motivation.
The justifications for the opposition to Planned Parenthood demonstrate that different factors, including religious reasons, underpin the current attacks on Planned Parenthood.
Underpinning cultural factors also sustain and enhance the validity of conservative political views. According to Primrose (2012), the fact that Planned Parenthood offers services that focus on contraception, abortion, and sex provides fonder that the organization’s opponents use to undermine the brand equity and the significance of the organization. In particular, the range of services that Planned Parenthood provides increase its vulnerability to measures aimed at regulating sex. As noted by Harold Southerland, unlike its European counterpart, the American society exemplifies significant levels of sexual repression (as cited by Primrose, 2012). Therefore, the focus on sexual health and reproduction mobilizes actions aimed at regulating sex. This correlation accounts for the significant opposition that the organization faces because of the pervasive misconception that it is an abortion factory that promotes premarital sex.
The attacks on the organization,
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