Pablo Picasso Biography

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Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain. As the son of an art professor he was freely able to flourish into the one of the most influential and renowned artists of the twentieth century. His father quickly recognized his son’s high aptitude for the arts and helped mentor him.

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At the age of thirteen his father believed Pablo had surpassed his own ability and enrolled his son to study art in Madrid and Barcelona. Picasso ability stretched over a wide spectrum of media including: painting, drawing, sculpting, ceramics, and even theatrical design. As a teenager, Pablo Picasso rebelled against his art teachings, spending most of his time in Madrid’s Prado, a museum displaying works of El Greco and Francisco Goya. In his twenties, Picasso moved to France to endure the life of a starving artist, allowing his work grow and change as he did. His life’s work has been categorized into periods which clearly depict his mentality and challenges he was met with at the time. Today, Pablo Picasso’s work has led the path for realism and abstraction, Cubism, Neoclassicism, Surrealism, and Expressionism.

Picasso’s Blue Period took place from 1901 until 1904. At this point in time the artist was living intermittently between Spain and France and was suffering from a dark clouded mental state. During this time Picasso was living in poverty and would often burn his own artwork to survive. His works often depicted the somber society in which he was immersed. The representation of malnutrition, poverty, prostitution, loneliness, and despair were often themes within his work. Throughout this period, Picasso’s pallet consisted of mainly blues, and green-blues, that on occasion were warmed by other colors. One of his most famous pieces from this period was the painting, La Vie. This painting was inspired by the suicide of Picasso’s dear friend, Carlos Casagemas, which depicted his internal torment amongst a past lover. During this phase Picasso’s work was greatly influenced by El Greco, featuring elongated figures. When Picasso permanently rooted in France, his work focused on lighter topics. During his Rose Period, 1904-1906, it can be noted that the artist’s mentality had begun to improve as he seemed to escape his deep depression. At this time, Picasso had gained popularity within society and had regular patrons of his work, Gertrude and Leo Stein. The artist would often paint cheerful scenes of circus clowns and harlequins that were created in beautiful oranges and pinks.

In addition, Picasso had taken bohemian artist, Fernande Olivier, as his lover and often used her as the muse of his work. One of Picasso’s most famous pieces from the Rose Period, is a portrait done of Gertrude Stein. The portrait depicts the patron with a pale face in a cascading black robe and matching turban,

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