Organizational Behavior At Cshk Dubai Contracting Motivation Business Essay

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If one wants to make things happen the ability to motivate oneself and others is a crucial skill. At work, home, and everywhere in between, people use motivation to get results. Motivation implies that a balance is maintained between communication, structure, and incentives. Motivation is defined as the psychological processes that arouse and direct goal-directed behavior. This hypothesis is inferred through a study of different theories of different people .Some of the theories are explained below to give the reader an insight into motivation and its effects.

Maslow’s Theory of Motivation – Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a very famous and an interesting theory on needs. This theory was developed by Abraham Maslow in 1943. Maslow’s hierarchy was shown through a triangular diagram that is broken down in five horizontal parts. Each part represents a “need” that humans have. The theory divides human needs in five categories: Physiological needs, Safety Needs, Social Needs, Esteem Needs and Self Actualization Needs. (Anne Bruce)The final need occurs when the first four needs are fulfilled. When these needs (4 needs) are subdued, the fifth and the last need arise wherein a human being wants to explore himself and reach his maximum potential. It is his undertaking of the spiritual journey that he wants to set forth on. (Abraham H. Maslow)

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Motivation in theory – McGregor – theory x and theory y

McGregor developed two theories of human behavior at work: Theory and X and Theory Y. He did not imply that workers would be one type or the other. Rather, he saw the two theories as two extremes – with a whole spectrum of possible behaviors in between.

Theory X workers could be described as follows:

Individuals who don’t like work and avoid it where possible Individuals who don’t possess the desired ambition, dislike responsibility and prefer to be led Individuals who vouch for security The management implications for Theory X workers stressed that in order to achieve organizational objectives, a business will have to impose a management system of coercion, control and punishment.

Theory Y workers were characterized by McGregor as:

Consider effort at work as just like rest or play Ordinary people who do not dislike work. Work conditions also give a clear cut idea of how satisfied the employees there are Individuals who look out for responsibility (if they are motivated0 The management implications for Theory Y workers stressed that in order to achieve organizational objectives, rewards of various kinds are likely to be the most popular motivator. The challenge for management with Theory Y workers is to develop a working environment (or culture) where workers can show and develop their creativity. (Gary Heil)

Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory:

Herzberg’s theory said that there are certain factors in an organization that directly motivate employees to work harder.

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