Oral birth control is something that is commonly used in today’s society. It has many different uses besides being used as a contraceptive. Oral birth control is prescribed by many doctors to treat and cure certain medical disease, usually pertaining to the uterus.
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However, the use of this product is a controversial topic when it comes to the Catholic Church. In the beginning stages, the pill was banned and viewed very negatively. As time continues on, the church begins to modernize and still continues to debate if it is okay to use oral birth control strictly for medical uses.
The term birth control was coined 1914 by Margret Sanger, the original creator of oral birth control. Oral birth control is a pill that changes hormones and can be used to prevent pregnancy. She got the idea from ancient Egyptian women. Egyptian women found many natural ways that they believed prevented them from getting pregnant. They used combinations of different natural plants, dates, cotton, honey and acai to block or kill the sperm. In the 1950s Sanger paired with Gregory Pincus to develop the birth control pill. Pincus was already testing other experiments but decided to pair up with Sanger after she explained the project and her vision to him. The pair raced against Carl Djerassi as he created his version of the pill that synthesized hormones from Mexican yams. Sanger and Pincus brought on John Rock to help them further their development. Rock was a gynecologist who had already been testing contraceptives in women. The project was funded by a women’s activists Katherine McCormick. McCormick was a public figure and already had many women looking up to her. With her popularity, many women sought after the pill before it was even approved and finalized. (Nikolchev 2010)
In 1957, the team had a breakthrough when the FDA approved of the pill for menstrual disorders. After the FDA approved of this, a large number of women oddly came out and reported having menstrual disorders. The team continued to work on the pill until it finally met the standards of the FDA and could be used as a contraceptive. They reached this goal in 1960. At this time, Sanger reached a remarkable age of eighty years old. She continued to work on the pill and to make as many improvements as she could. After just two years of the pill being approved, 1.2 million women in the united states were on the pill. The number continued to rise. It doubled in year three to 2.3 million. (Nikolchev 2010)
Although the pill was approved by the FDA, not all states allowed it to be used. It was illegal in eight different states including Connecticut.
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