The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty attended by all victorious nations of the Great War Except for Russia as they were in the middle of a civil war. It was to sort out what would happen to Germany as they were blamed of starting the Great War. The main contributes Nicknamed The Big Three were French premier Georges Clemenceau of France, British prime minister David Lloyd George of Great Britain, and President Woodrow Wilson of the United States of America.
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The Treaty also put the blame for starting WW1 on Germany and it therefore had to pay reparations. Original figure was 6,600,000,000 goldmakrs, an very harsh but possible figure; this was reduced by the Dawes Plan and the Young Plan later. One must not forget that Germany enforced even harsher terms on Russia in the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, so the complaints may sound somewhat hypocritic. However, having to accept the blame really angered many Germans, as they saw the war as the result of everyone’s mistakes.
It was probably more the fact of defeat and the revolution in Germany that created ‘underground aggression than the treaty itself that had this effect. Many hardline German nationalists also felt in some sense cheated of their victory over Russia. The dreams of boundless expansion in Eastern Europe lived on. Within Germany particular venom was directed against those who signed the armistice whom Hitler and others routinely called the November criminals. The team that actually tried to negotiate in Paris and Versailles was not vilified to anything like the same extent. The reparations were widely seen as the harshest element of the Treaty of Versailles. For many the restriction of the size of the army to 100,000 men was also very irksome, and this clause of the treaty was never observed. A further cause of intense resentment was two attempts to go beyond the treaty. In 1921 Polish irregulars (with the approval of the Polish government) tried to seize the plebiscite area of Upper Silesia before the plebiscite was held, and they were kept at bay by various Friekorps and units of the British Army. Then, in 1923, the French and Belgians occupied the The terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
The treaty can be divided into a number of sections; territorial, military, financial and general. Territorial The following land was taken away from Germany : Alsace-Lorraine given to France Eupen and Malmedy given to Belgium Northern Schleswig given to Denmark Hultschin given to Czechoslovakia West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia given to Poland The Saar Danzig and Memel were put under the control of the League of Nations and the people of these regions would be allowed to vote to stay in Germany or not in a future referendum. The League of Nations also took control of Germany’s overseas colonies.
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