Racial segregation is the separation of people in a community within all areas of daily living; such as education, housing, jobs, and income. It is something that many countries have had issues with throughout history. The United States is no stranger to racial segregation.
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In fact other countries such as Germany, Haiti, and Australia have all had their fair share of separation, when it comes to the rules or the activities, of the people that live there based on the color of their skin, or how they looked (“Racial Segregation 2015). South Africa was another country that faced major issues with racial segregation. This was known as Apartheid. Apartheid should be ended in South Africa because rules should be the same for everyone regardless of their race, blacks and whites should be able to be educated, obtain housing, marry, and seek employment without being treated differently, and by changing the separation laws the community will be able to come together culturally to learn from each other and grow.
Nelson Mandela was a leader in South Africa that was strongly against racial segregation. Mandela who was born July 18, 1918 was groomed for his position in leadership at a very young age. He was the first of his family to receive a formal education and went as far as attending the University of Witwatersrand, where he studied law. It was also at the University where Mandela began his protests against racism and built many important relationships with both black and white activists (Editors 2009).
Mandela wanted black people to be treated equally as white people, and have the same rights they had when it came to the activities to live as one in society. In order to help make this happen Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1944. The African National Congress, also known as the ANC, used nonviolent methods like boycotts and strikes to gain full rights for all South Africans (Editors 2009). When the Pan African Congress was formed in 1959 and began using military like force against the peaceful protestors, Mandela chose to fight back. Mandela said, “It would be wrong and unrealistic for African leaders to continue preaching peace and nonviolence at a time when the government met our peaceful demands with force. It was only when all else had failed, when all channels of peaceful protest had been barred to us, that the decision was made to embark on violent forms of political struggle.” (Editors 2009).
The decision to fight back with violence soon caused a ban on the African National Congress, and Nelson Mandela to be sent to prison. Before leaving to serve his time he stated that he always wanted the people of South Africa to be able to live together in peace with equal opportunities.
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