John Stuart Mill was an English philosopher and economist, and feminist and civil servant. Famous for his work on “Utilitarianism” and On Liberty. The utilitarianism was originally writing by Jeremy Bentham and later redeveloped by John Stuart Mill.
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In the Mill Utilitarianism in the 1861, was to cover the explanation of utilitarian moral theory. In the way to respond the criticism of the doctrine, he was not only argued in the basic’s favor principle of the Jeremy Bentham but; it also offered him an important improvement to the structure, meaning, and the application. Mill principle of utility was that as he said, Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure (Utilitarianism 2).
So, he was said that the decision should always be the benefit in the most people as much as possible no matter what the consequences might be. It had assumed him that the outset of everyone would agree in the consequences of the human actions that contribute an important on their moral value. Even though he is fully accepted Bentham’s devotion on the greatest happiness principle as the basic of the statement to the utilitarian value. And Pleasure and freedom of pain are the only things desirable as ends.
John Mill defines of the Utilitarianism is an ethical theory based on the principle that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. Mill also defines happiness as pleasure and the absence of pain. Which also it is a commonly that on the associated with the phrase of the greatest good for the greatest number and it is also that requires the people to act in every way that will cause in the greatest of possible in the well’s amount-being. Also, the consequence principle is the way to view the rightness and wrongness of acts depends entirely on facts about the consequences of acts. Which means no acts are the right of itself and no acts are wrong of itself. To Mill, not only the utility is the pursuit of the happiness, but also it is the prevention of the unhappiness and the pain. So, this shows to be the truest of the theory on the purpose of the human life because the happiness is including with the endless of the pursuit to prevent of the pain. Mill is made a couple argues such as the pleasure that can be different from the quality and quantity and he was arguing that people can achievement goal and ends, which they should counted as the part of their happiness.
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