Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X
I know that a lot of people are familiar with the name malcolm little or better known as malcolm x. Not many people know the background on the name malcolm x instead of malcolm little.
Well the background on that is little was inherited from his ancestors when they were slaves. So malcolm ended up changing his last name to x because it really symbolizes his african name el-hajj Malik el-shabazz. Malcolm x was a activist and outspoken public voice of the black muslim faith,and challenged the mainstream of the civil rights movement and the nonviolent pursuit of integration by Martin Luther King jr.
Malcolm and Martin also urged followers to be able to defend themselves against white aggression like the klu klux klan (kkk) by any means necessary. Malcolm had developed a strong mistrust for the kkk at a young age But anyways you might know at least one when they burned his childhood home down and accused malcolm's father of burning his own house down.
You might know some things that he is most known or popular for like being a african american leader who was a important key spokesman for the nation of islam epitomized the Black power philosophy.
Somethings people don't usually know is that malcolm played a role in the civil rights movement. In the early 1960s he became frustrated with all the non-violent, integrated struggle for the civil rights and worried that african americans would ultimately lose control of their own movement.
Malcolm urged followers to defend themself against white discrimination and aggression by any means necessary as the public voice of the black muslim faith. Malcolm learned from the choices he has made in his lifetime in fact they have made his a better person for an example when he was arrested and sentenced ten years in prison in 1946 for larceny for those long ten years he would read constantly from the prisons library in the attempt to make up for the years of missing education from when he dropped out of high school.
When malcolm was in prison in 1950 he wrote a letter to the president Harry Truman in which he had declared himself a communist opposed to the korean war. One day malcolm got bailed out of the prison by one of the members from the nation of islam.
After that time that he spent in prison molded him into a different person and with the influence of his fellow inmates he was lead to live a different life style. And from that one experience in his life it changed everything that he believed in, known, thought about, and everything that he stood for after that making the man that we know today as malcolm x.
Then one day malcolm was bailed out of the prison by one of the members from the Nation of islam. When malcolm got out of prison he made a speech at a event and Elijah Muhummad liked it and saw that malcolm had a good future ahead of him and this all happened in chicago.
After elijah noticed he asked malcolm if he would like to lead the black muslims so that african americans could set up their own schools, support networks,and churches.
That's when malcolm's life took a full turn and started to increase. In his speech at King solomon baptist church he talked about different christian ministers like Dr.Martin Luther King jr and malcolm said that he is not a person to fight for the fronts of something but says that I am a Black nationalist freedom fighter. Malcolm always said that Islam was his religion but he believed his religion is his own personal business.
In March 1964,Malcolm left the nation of Islam and charted his own course of militant black nationalism. In one of Malcolm's speeches he stated that Islam is his religious philosophy but his political economical and social philosophy is black nationalism.
Something else that Malcolm often said was that if you bring up the topic religion we will have differences and we will have arguments but if you keep your religion at home and keep your religion in the closet that will only be between you and god.
The Historical root of black nationalism can be traced all the way back to the 19th century to african american leaders such as Abolitionist Martin Delany. In the 20th century black nationalism was greatly influenced by Marcus Garvey who founded the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in 1914 in jamaica.
The United Negro Improvement Association was dedicated to racial pride, economic self sufficiency and the formation of a independent black nation of africa. This group believed in the brotherhood of man and the fatherhood of god. One of there popular mottos was One God! One Aim! One Destiny!
In one of malcolm's speeches he said that the white man wouldn't allow a black or african american man to come and gain control over the economy of his community. So why should a black man let a white man come and take control over the economy of his community.
Malcolm believed that the political philosophy of black nationalism only means that the black man should control the politics and the politics in his own community. So the economic philosophy is really the black nationalism which means that we should own and operate and control the economy of our community.
Something else that he said was If your afraid of black nationalism your afraid of revolution and if you love revolution you love black nationalism- Malcolm x message to the grassroots.
These are the most said quotes that malcolm x said Education is the passport to the future for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today or just the quote the future belongs to those who prepare for it today. And another quote is If your not careful the newspapers will have you hating the people who are being oppressed, and loving the people who are doing the oppressing. When malcolm was in the nation of islam elijah muhammad was his so called right hand man.
But elijah was having an extramarital relationship with his six secretaries and had thirteen children with them all and elijah's son ended up telling malcolm that. And so that led to a problem to malcolm once elijah's son made him aware of that. After he was aware of that he left the nation of islam.
Later on in life in June 1964 the nation of islam filed a lawsuit to reclaim the possession of malcolm's home in Queens new york. After a court appeared regarding the eviction malcolm told explosive secrets like the one about elijah.
People were threatening malcolm's life for the secrets that he knew and would tell about the nation of islam
Before malcolm left the nation of islam he spoke about the President John F. Kennedy when he was assassinated on November 22,1963 and elijah muhammad didn't want the nation of islam to comment on the assassination but malcolm did. Malcolm made controversial remarks about the president kennedy's assassination which elijah did not want and this led to malcolm's censorship by elijah.
When that happened malcolm was on the bench for a while. Somethings people were not in knowledge of.
Legendary speech The ballot or bullet
Universal Negro Improvement Association
Malcolm X's Explosive comment about Elijah Muhammad