Feminism is a movements aimed to equal rights between men and women so in Shelley’s time it was just started and through Frankenstein’s novel she pointed out one of the most powerful work of feminism in London 1818. Shelley was 18 years old when she wrote this story. When she was in Switzerland with her lover Percy Shelley who later became her husband, they stayed at their friend Lord Byron’s castle. They decided to compete for writing the best horror story. That night Shelley dreamed of a scientist who created a scary creature, then her dream developed to a novel that she wrote (Zeitoun).
She was from a noble rich educated family and they were interested in arts. Her mother, Mary Wollstonecraft, was a writer and advocate for women’s rights and her father, William Godwin, was a political philosopher and a science fiction writer, while her husband Percy Beach Shelley, was a famous poet who had his own way of thinking which conflicted with his community and was calling for freedom and liberalism rather than religion. She managed to publish the novel in her father’s publishing house, and her name mentioned in the second edition with her husband helped. Shelley’s Frankenstein reflected different problems that were prominent in the lives of female at that time via her subordinate female characters. Elizabeth, Safie and the nearly created female monster.
The most important female character in this story is Elizabeth although she is hardly mentioned until after the interdiction of Victor Frankenstein her fianc, Shelley showed how women were not important at that time unless they had a man. An example of this, the way Victor treated Elizabeth, he never discussed with her his work or his fear from the monster that he created. He was only expecting for her loyalty and obedience. Even when Victor decided to marry, he discussed his marriage with his father and his friend Henry to locate the place and the day of the marriage.
It is strange because, it is known from antiquity that these concerns are women’s interests, not men’s, but Shelley preferred to show that men dominated women even in their most basic rights and interests. “Victor said: Elizabeth loved the wonderful sights of nature in the mountains and lakes of Switzerland while I was more interested in investigating why things in nature happened” (Shelley 17). Here Victor was outspoken about his opinion on Elizabeth’s interests, which is nothing important in life. Shelley reflects how men in her society looked at women as their mentality lacked invention or even education. “She was docile and good tempered, yet gay and playful as a summer’s insect” and ” I loved to tend on her, as I should on a favourite animal ” (Shelley 20). Victor again looked at Elizabeth as a small butterfly or a pet. Another opinion Shelley pointed out,
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