Management Information System
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MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT OF LONG RANGE PLANS OF MIS INTRODUCTION Any kind of business calls for long range plans for success, the same being true for MIS. The plan for development and its implementation is a basic necessity for MIS. In MIS the information is recognised as a major resource like capital, time and capacity. We need an MIS system flexible enough to deal with the changing information needs of the organisation. Hence an ideal MIS system is an open system which interacts with the outside business environment and provides necessary required information. Hence designing of such systems is a complex task .
It can only be achieved through MIS planning. The plan of MIS is concurrent to the business plan of the organisation. This is because the implementation of the business plan is based on the information provided by MIS. To ensure such an alignment possibility, its necessary that the business plan-strategic or otherwise, states the information needs. Long range MIS plan provides direction for the development of the systems, and provides a basis for achieving the specific targets or tasks against a time frame. CONTENTS OF THE MIS PLAN (IN THE CONTEXT OF MIS PLAN IS LINKED TO BUSINESS PLAN) )MIS GOALS AND OBJECTIVES It is necessary to develop the goals and objectives which will support the business goals. The MIS goals and objectives will consider management philosophy, policy constraints, business risks, internal and external environment of the organisation and the business. 2)STRATEGY FOR THE PLAN ACHIEVEMENT a)Development strategy- An online, a batch, a real time b)System development strategy- Any approach to the system development-operational versus fucctional; Accounting versus Analysis; Database versus Conventional approach; Distributed versus Decentralised rocessing; One datsbase versus Multiple datsbases SSAD vs OOT. c)Resource for system development: in-house versus external, customized development versus the use of packages. d)Manpower composition: Analyst, programmer skills and know-how 3)THE ARCHITECTURE OF MIS The architecture of the MIS plan provides a system and subsystem structure and their input, output and linkages. It also provides a way to handle the systems or subsystems by the way of simplification, coupling, and decouplinf of subsystems.
It spells out in detail the subsystems from the dats entry to processing, analysis to modelling and storage to printing. 4)THE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT SCHEDULE A schedule is made for the development of the system. While preparing the schedule due consideration is given to the importance of the system in the overall information requirement. Due regard is also given to logical system development. For example, it is necessary to develop the accounting system first and then the analysis. 5)HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE PLAN
Giving due regard to the technical and operational feasibility, the economics of investment is worked out. Then the plan of procurement is made after selecting the hardware and software. One can take the phased approach of investment starting from the lower configuration of hardware going over to higher as development takes place. The process is to match the technical decisions with the financial decisions. The system development schedule is linked with the information requirements which in turn, are linked with the goals and objectives of the business.