Law and Religion in India

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LAW, STATE AND RELIGION IN INDIA* ABSTRACT As defined in Oxford dictionary, secularism is the morality which should be based in the ground of the well being of mankind in the present life to the exclusion from all consideration drawn in the belief of God and future study. It deals with the individual as a citizen irrespective of his or her religion. It is also not constitutionally connected with any particular religion nor does it seek to promote interfere with religion guarantees the individual and corporate frame of religion.

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It deals with the individual as a citizen irrespective of his or her religion. The modern notion of secularism is based upon two fold understandings. Firstly, state must be equidistance from all religions should adopt a neutral attitude with respect to any religion. Secondly, the state must not have any relation with any religion, i.e. state must not have a religion of its own. Secularism is one among the fundamental aspects of the Constitution of India. However, being secular does not mean irreligious, as explained by the great Statesman-Philosopher Dr. Radhakrishnan. The concept of secularism advocated in the Constitution of India is based upon the idea of justice, liberty, equality and dignity of individual as well as their groups. The manuscript briefly states and explains the constitutional, statutory, and judicial framework of India’s religion-state relations, and the unique balance that is found in that framework between secularism and freedom of religion—namely that, in India, the law of the land determines the scope of religion in society; it is not religion that determines the scope of the law. Keywords: India, religion, state, law, constitution, judiciary. INTRODUCTION The term religion has no compact or exact definition. In any case, when it comes to acknowledgement of religion as conviction or belief, it needs legitimate justification to qualify as knowledge or as the number same of religious masters and religious writings articulate as way of living. When all is said in general terms, religion is an organised accumulation of belief systems, social and cultural systems, and worldviews that relates mankind to most profound sense of being and, now and again, to good values.[1] In terms of associating law and religion in context of India, state i.e. government plays an extremely critical character as it is the state that structures laws and choose the about the country. Constitutional, India is a secular nation and in this manner has no State religion. Notwithstanding, it has created throughout the years its interesting idea of secularism that is on a very basic level not the same as the parallel American idea of secularism obliging complete partition of chapel and state, as additionally from the French ideal of lacit.[2] Regardless of the acceptable amalgamation of all the fundamental principle of secularism into different provisions of the Constitution when initially enacted,

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