Systolic(top number)pressure as defined in the text would be the “aspect of a blood pressure reading which indicates the maximum arterial pressure occurring during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart” (Hatfield, 2018, p.398).
Diastolic (bottom number) pressure as defined in the text is the “pressure exerted on the walls of the blood vessels during the refilling of the heart” (Hatfield, 2018, p.398).
Many factors can influence blood pressure ranges. If you have a client who meets the criteria of a “smoker, has high cholesterol, has diabetes, or takes certain medications”(Mayo Clinic, 2018) then you will have to take that into consideration when developing their work out plan. It is important from the start to build that rapport with your client so you are on the same page with their health background.
Lacy(myself) Blood pressure is 128/88. The systolic is 128 and the diastolic is 88. I am 32 years old and work out five to six days a week. I have moderate stress in the workplace. My workout consists of thirty minutes of cardio on the treadmill or elliptical, then I target a specific muscle group each day for my strength training rotation. According to my systole and diastole range I can conclude that my systolic is in the normal range, but my diastolic is in the high normal range. Another variable that comes into play is that I take a blood pressure medicine daily and that keeps me at a consistent level. Typically I run 128/82 on a day I have worked out for an hour and a half, then before bedtime, my numbers change to 110/76 so they fall in the optimal level.
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