The artwork that I chose is Dogu (Clay Figurine). It was made during the final period of Jomon (ca. 1000-300 B.C.), Japan.
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Jomon people used earthenware ceramic technique to create it. Ordinarily, clay figurines portrayed human or animals. This Dogu generally comprises highly stylized females with extended bosoms, hips, and stomachs ventured. Although chapter 17 of the textbook mentioned the development of ceramic form in Jomon period, it mainly focused on outlining the earthenware vessels that applied clay coils and wave patterns, which did not deal with any earthenware figures. In my opinion, the Dogu should be contained in the textbook as an idealized representation of Jomon culture because it shows how Jomon people used clay to create figures that can be used as evidence to compare medium and human form with other cultures; the Dogu, known as the most spirited remarkable product of this period; and also shows how Jomon people described human gender through art.
In the textbook, Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 15th Edition, author Fred S. Kleiner describes separate Japanese art before 1333 into two terms: Japan before Buddhism and Buddhist Japan. For Japan before the birth of Buddha, Jomon is mentioned as the art culture of Japan during the early and middle period. In the early period, the name “”Jomon”” is derived from the cord impressions used as decorating earthenware vessels. Jomon people were hunter- gatherers, and they enjoyed living settled. It provided them with great conditions to develop ceramic technology before they practiced agriculture. In middle Jomon pottery, most Jomon people lived in the mountains and they continued using ceramic form with higher development. Vessels were referred as a main artwork of this culture which served a variety purposes, from cooking to communal rituals. Although Dogu appeared in Middle Jomon period and then increased with huge amount in the Late and Final period, Kleiner did not mention any indication of the effects of Dogu during these times.
After studying the research,
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