Jackie Robinson, born on January 31, 1919. He grew up living in poverty with his family in Cairo, Georgia and was the youngest of five children. Growing up, and for most of his life, he excelled in sports.
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When he graduated from John Muir High he decided to attend Pasadena Junior College. There he played football, basketball, track, and baseball. He later transferred to University of California, Los Angeles, and became the university’s first student to win varsity letters in four sports. Unfortunately, Jackie was forced to leave UCLA and didn’t graduate because he did not have enough money. Jackie later came to be the first African-American to play in Major League Baseball, and this is where it all changed.Later in the 1800?»s, Professional African-American teams were formed, along with what was called “negro leagues”. Even when they weren’t allowed to play with the whites, African-American’s would play with one another. The only time interracial games were held was when major league white teams played against black teams for entertainment.
In the United States during the early 1900?»s, it was prohibited for African-Americans to play on white professional teams. There were times when baseball owners and managers of major leagues attempted to hire African-Americans by saying they were actually Native Americans or Hispanics. However, most Major League owners and managers didn’t want African-Americans to play on their team so they prevented trying to do so. Professional Baseball wasn’t segregated everywhere. Latin American in places like Mexico and Cuba accepted African-Americans and allowed them to play. During the winter, African-Americans would go there to play baseball. During the summer, they would also play for their Negro Leagues in the United States. Jackie started off his baseball career when he started playing for the Kansas City Monarchs in 1945. This was a Negro American League where there was much competition. In the Negro League, there was more involvement than there were in organized baseball. In the year 1947, Jackie profoundly became known as the first African-American athlete to play in the Major League baseball. During this time he, he signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers. He was a base runner.
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