Fracking is the process of injecting water at high pressure into rocks deep underground, which can cause earthquakes because it can sometimes lift the Earth’s surface. Since the 1960’s, geologists have known that it is possible to cause quakes by pushing fluids into the ground. On September 3, 2016, Oklahoma experienced their strongest earthquake that reached a magnitude of 5.8 and as a result, regulators ordered drillers controlling 37 disposal wells to immediately shut down, according to Nick Cunningham.
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Regulators around the United States should follow Oklahoma in shutting down the wells or ban fracking. The effects of these earthquakes cause damage to the resident’s homes and the buildings and of course fear.
In 1961, crews drilled a deep well outside Denver, known as the Rocky Mountain Arsenal, in a chemical weapons facility. Within months of workers’ pumping into the well of hazardous waste, the residents felt tremors. Between 1962 and 1966, more than 700 small to modest quakes shook the ground. A local geologist named David Evans noticed that injection volume and pressure were equivalent to earthquake rates. In a paper in 1966 he concluded that the well is likely to be responsible for the quakes. He wrote it is believed that a stable situation is being made unstable by the application of fluid pressure (Anna Kuchment).
In the year 2016, there have been more than 600 earthquakes in Oklahoma and were nearly all traced to the underground injection of wastewater left over from oil and gas production, claims the NBCNews. There was a time when Oklahoma experienced 19 earthquakes all in one week.
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