The Industrial Revolution (1750s 1840s) was a major turning point in Great Britain and it effected the people and economic structure of Great Britain drastically. This evolution of new ideas and ways of life brought about many positive and negative effects on society. These positive effects , such as urbanization, which provided the labor source for factors due to many people living in cities , moving from hand made products to being factory made, and the steam engine were extremely helpful for Great Britain.
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In contrast the Industrial Revolution also had negative effects such as the overcrowding of cities, low wages/ exploitation of workers, and poor working conditions in factories which effected many people in Great Britain in a harsh and brutal way.
The Industrial revolution didnt start overnight though, it was sparked by the Agricultural Revolution which provided the labor source required for these factories to operate. These new workers that were in abundance came from land that were seized by local landlords due to the Enclosure Acts of the 1700s.
Due to all of this land being seized small farmers went out of business and their land was bought by other landowners (very little landowners had a substantial amount of wealth) that had much more financial stability which let more land be owned by fewer people causing a agricultural boom. These previous workers from small farms were in need of work to provide for themselves and their family leading to urbanization in cities (Doc 4). The working class was met with countless jobs to be filled and gave hope for a better life within cities and a thirst for wealth and success.
In these factories located in cities they replaced hand made products to being machine made and created a more efficient way of producing goods. The cotton industry was helped extremely by these factories due to inventions such as Cartwrights power loom, Cromptons spinning mule and Arkwrights water frame enabling workers to produce cotton and yarn on a large scale (Doc 2).
This led to the increase In cotton trade and also helped the iron industry grow due to the need for iron to produce these machines (Doc 2). The cotton industry is now spreading all over Great Britain and Europe proving money and wealth for workers and having a positive effect on British society by creating more jobs and a more industrialized society.
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