Ever since the first hominins gathered around as a group, societies throughout time began to emerge, advance, conquer, and most importantly, survive. From the first apes to the Roman Empire to the Soviet Union to the United States today, societies took the basic ideas of theories of Evolution and expanded those theories like a tree. While traveling the world to locate the genetic and cultural connections of his ancestry through the National Geographic Genographic Project, Donovan Webster meets several different “societies” that solidify the ancestral relations he has with them: The Hadzabe Bushmen of Tanzania, The Lebanese Arabs, The Tribal Uzbeks of Central Asia, and The Spanish Basques. Each one of these different societies have survived for a long time, some longer than others, from their original establishment to now. Although all groups are classified societies that have survived, the way they survived differs vastly.
One group may have relied on a larger civilization for protection while others relied on tourism for economic stability. One thing is certain, their existence has proved their longevity among other cultures and civilizations in the present day. By finding a way to cope with societal problems as well as a stable source to survive, these groups become societies that express a sense of recognition similar to how sovereignty is shown by countries. During his time in Tanzania, Donovan Webster spent an allotment of time with the Hadzabe Bushmen Tribe, more importantly with his “distant family member” Julius Indaaya Hun/!un/!ume, or just Julius for simplicity’s sake. Noted on page 29 in the “Africa” chapter, the Hadzabe are a near-extinct tribe, whom speak via oral movements like clicks and pops, recognized by anthropologists as one of the oldest surviving African tribes based in Sub-Saharan Africa, which happens to be the start of where the first men roamed the planet. In order to have a conversation with Julius, Webster acquired a Masai tribal native by the name of Robert, as stated on pages 28 through 29 in the “Africa” chapter.
On page 28 of the “Africa” chapter, Webster notes Julius’s characteristics and apparel that he is, “small-boned and dark, wearing animal skins and carrying a bow and some arrows,” features that are not normally found in the Western World. Throughout pages 33 and 38 of the “Africa” chapter, it is noted that Julius and Donovan are out hunting. The Hadzabe are recognized as a foraging society, a type of society rarely found in the western world. A foraging society usually rely on wild animals and untamed plants and berries for a food source. While they rely on mother nature to feed them, in a world where technology has proved a vital source for many countries, the ability to win a war are lower than the Ethiopians pushing the Italians out of the country by trickery. To survive in our world, they went to the Tanzanian government for help, thus the creation of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, a set of land dedicated for the Hadzabe stated at the top of page 28 and on page 29 in the “Africa” chapter.
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