The Civil War is one of the most important events in the history of the United States of America. It had many important repercussions which went on to have a deep and long lasting impact on the nation. After four years of a cruel battle, from 1861-1865, between a divided nation of the North and South, more than 600,000 people were killed.
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These lives, however, were not given in vain. Had it not been for the American Civil War where many men and women sacrificed their lives for their country, the abolition of slavery may not have been carried out, the nation might have remained divided, and women might have remained confined to their roles as the “homemakers.” People had to decide if they held their loyalty to the country as a whole, their state, their families, or even to humanity as a whole.
The biggest effect of the Civil War was the abolition of slavery in the South. Slavery is one of the most inhumane acts ever done in the history of the US. People from Africa were forced and sometimes kidnapped to be enslaved, which immediately meant that they had to be separated from their family and lose every human right. They were placed in unbearable conditions to work on plantations and were very mistreated. The first African slaves were brought to America in early colonial America times when people needed cheap labor to care for cash crops. Slaves were brought to America from Africa on disease-infested ships and became the driving force for prosperity in America through what became known as the slave trade. Slavery played a dominating and critical role mostly in the Southern part of United States.
In purpose to control America, the biggest strength of South was slavery which was also the hidden motive behind many political actions and economic statistics. From 1840s to 1860s, slavery dominated the economic and political aspects of life in the South and by the 1840s and 1850s the Southern economy had almost completely become slave and cash crop agriculture based. If the family did not have any slaves in their possession, they would be left landless and penniless or struggling to survive by owning a small farm. Furthermore, Southerners needed more slaves in order to produce more cash crops which would maintain their successful economic situation. Tobacco, cotton, and sugar plantations were the most popular plantations that the slaves had to work on, and without them, the South would go fully bankrupt. Northern states did not support the idea of slavery, which was one the biggest cause of the Civil War and they wanted more free states to increase their hold in politics. Industry was very successful in the North and their main goal was to intermit slavery in the South which would accomplish their goal to subjugate South.
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