Our Earth’s average temperature has gone up by 0.9ºC since the 19th century (Callery, 2018). That may not seem like a big enough difference to cause that much trouble but it’s effects are noticeable and undeniable. From higher temperatures to higher water levels the effects of global warming and how rapid it’s changing earth and our lives.
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Global warming can be defined as “the upward temperature trend across the entire Earth,” (Callery, 2016) according to NASA’s Earth Science Communications Team Website that deals with “Global Climate Change.” Global warming is caused by the increase in greenhouse gases, most specifically carbon dioxide, that have been, released into the atmosphere. When the sun’s energy comes down to Earth, it is reflected upward as heat. Some of that heat makes it out back to space but because of the growing amount of greenhouse gases, some of the heat is then trapped and therefore causes the earth to become hotter. These conditions have had a major impact on Earth.
There is a correlation between the rising temperatures and the rising of the sea levels. Glaciers have been adding more water to the nearby bodies of water which in turn causes the sea levels to rise (Salvador, 2013). Also, when water is heated it expands. Sea levels have increased by 8 inches since the 1800’s with the Gulf of Mexico and the East Coast gaining 8 inches just in the past 50 years (Salvador, 2013). If the conditions were to continue this way, we would be up to 16 extra inches of sea level in another 50 years but more than likely with the rise of trends it could possible be more than that.
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