When a person reaches the age of 65, their chances of getting dementia doubles every five years (Buettner, Fitzsimmons, & Dudley, 2010; Mansah et al., 2014). Once a person has an altered mental state, like dementia, they often exhibit agitation, passivity, and depression (Buettner, Fitzsimmons, & Dudley, 2010; Mansah et al., 2014). Since these interactions affect ones cognition, personality, and daily activities, the quality of life seen is often decreased, making engagement and perception of life also lessening (Buettner, Fitzsimmons, & Dudley, 2010; Mansah et al., 2014). As a person gets older, multiple factors can lead to a decline in the quality of life including loss of partners, siblings, or friends and even control of their everyday life events (Babatsikou et al., 2017; Kawamura, Niiyama, & Niiyama, 2009; Prosser, Townsend, & Staiger, 2008).
Age is an inevitable thing that brings health problems along with physical and emotional changes (Adam, Shahar, & Ramli, 2016; Gopi & Preetha, 2016; Kawamura, Niiyama, & Niiyama, 2009; Wang, Ying Chair, Mi Ling Wong, & Li, 2016). Depressive symptoms in the elderly population will continue to rise as the baby boomer population reaches the geriatric stage of their life (Adam, Shahar, & Ramli, 2016; Babatsikou et al., 2017; Wang et al., 2016). Unfortunately, most nurses admit to not knowing enough about geriatrics and that they would rather work with the patients who had easy and quick-to-apply interventions rather than the ones who had more time-consuming ones (Bleijenberg et al., 2016). A study done by Bleijenberg et al. (2016) shows that there is room for nurse to improve when it comes to how they divide their care and what quality they put into it.
Depression is seen in 77% of older people with dementia, yet it often goes unrecognized even with its effects on the quality of life (Buettner, Fitzsimmons, & Dudley, 2010; Mellor et al., 2008). Since some nurses feel like depression symptoms take longer to treat, appropriate medical attention is not achieved for these residents (Buettner, Fitzsimmons, & Dudley, 2010; Mellor et al., 2008). However, caregivers often feel like they lack proper skills needed to recognize and help residents with depressive symptoms, so many feel like educational programs on the different types interventions would be beneficial, interesting, and used daily (Buettner, Fitzsimmons, & Dudley, 2010; Mansah et al., 2014; Mellor et al., 2008).
Education provided to nurses and care givers is one way to improve care to patients (Mansah et al., 2014). When nurses were provided with educational material and assessment tools, completed training programs, and implemented reflection techniques, they felt like the care they provided to each patient was improved (Bleijenberg et al., 2016; Mansah et al., 2014; Mellor et al., 2008). When a nurse implements their skills, they were able to increase the care and communication they provide to the nursing home residents, gain knowledge about care, and accomplish a sense of self-efficacy (Mansah et al., 2014; Mellor et al., 2008).
With the geriatric population rising and nurses being the advocates for residents,
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