Gender inequality in the political system

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CHAPTER FIVE 5.0 ANALYSIS OF FINDINGS INTRODUCTION: This thesis aims to analyse gender inequality in the political system. Democracy—rule by the people—should embrace all segments of society. One instrument for the authorisation of women within the government could be a quota system, other than the aforementioned cultural, economic and social and historical reasons, female participation additionally depends on the voting system. MEASURING GENDER INEQUALITY To evaluate inequality, the United Nations Expansion Programme developed two indicators: the Gender-related Development Index (GDI) and also the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GDI measures (the same as the Human Development Index, HDI) anticipation, knowledge and also the standard of life. The indicators are: (1) the life expectancy at birth; (2) the mature literacy tempo and the amalgamation of the gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary schools;and (3) the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in purchasing power parity (PPP). The GDI was developed in 1995 and measures women and men one by one to point out the variations in status between the genders. The result may be a figure between zero and one; the proper score of 1 (equal conditions) has not however been reached by any country in the world . The Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) has the subsequent indicators: (1) Seats in parliament controlled by women; (2) female legislators, high-ranked officers and managers; and (3) female that are skilled and technical workers. The dimension is between zero and one, with 1 further being the proper as-yet unapproachable score. Only six European countries have a GEM of more than 0.8. This result shows the extent of the matter in empowering women. 5.1 RESEACH QUESTION 1 WHY IS GENDER EQUALITY NEEDED IN POLITICS First, the Universal Human Rights Declaration of 1948 (HRD) states in Article 2, “Everyone is entitled to all or any of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, with no distinction of any kind, like race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or any different opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or any other different standing…” Equal dignity, rights, power, and potentialities for people at large are written down in several international declarations, conventions and treaties. Conjointly countless national constitutions necessitate equality and particularly gender equality. Every citizen of a liberal democracy ought to have human rights; just like the right to freedom of opinion and expression (Art. 19 HRD), having the right of peaceful assembly and association (Art. 20 HRD), and also the right to require or take part in the government of his or her nation, forthrightly or through openly chosen spokesperson (Art. 21 HRD). Human rights just like the right to work, the right to free alternative to employment, the right to equal pay for equal work (Art. 23 HRD) and also the right to education (Art. 26 HRD) are vital necessities of society and pertain directly to the problems of gender equality. Democracy is outlined or translated from the greek as “rule by the populace.” A sincere interpretation of democracy is that it ought to be inclusive,

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