Critically Discuss Of How Gender Group Health Outcomes Can Be Improved In Regards To Ageing

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Choose one gender group and critically discuss how their health outcomes can be improved in regards to ageing.

The World Health Organisation’s definition of ‘Health’ emphasizes that the overall health of an individual is determined by not only their physical well-being but also their mental and social well-being. Therefore, NICE has framed its public health outcomes broadly to allow a range of health factors to be addressed. The paper will discuss how the health outcomes of the female gender can be improved in regards to ageing. Hence, due to the limited word count of this discussion, the health initiatives addressed will be physical activity and mental well-being with reference to Menopause, Osteoporosis, Depression and Breast Cancer. Menopause has not just been chosen because it impacts only women but because in 2007 females expressed the need for more information on menopause and its impacts on their health (BMS, 2015). This has driven the creation of new clinical guidelines to be published in approximately four months time for application in all NHS Healthcare settings (BMS, 2015). The formation of these guidelines in response to the surveyed women may act as a possible improvement in the delivery of the healthcare treatments and advice given by practitioners because a greater focus is hoped to be put on menopause than demonstrated in previous years; this could then improve the quality of health education given to the patient, hence allowing them to understand their condition better. A better personal understanding of a condition can allow a patient to be more active in the decision making processes in partnership with the practitioner (D’Ambrosia, 1999). This could then improve the relationship between the patient and the practitioner; Empowerment via knowledge can also positively impact the confidence of the patient because they may be able to apply principles of self-help in some situations where menopause was affecting them because they would have the knowledge to make changes in their lifestyle choices and routines. For example, exercising regularly is promoted in the menopause period to avoid gaining extra weight or to maintain muscle mass and bone strength (NHS, 2014). Health Psychologists often unravel menopause as a bio-psychosocial event in which social, cultural and biological factors can impact a woman psychologically. Therefore, weight gain may affect their self-esteem, self-confidence and self-image (Ogden, 2012). Hence, health education is not only a method of improvement for health outcomes related to specific conditions and the associated treatments but it also encourages the individual to self develop. Interestingly, self-image / self representation is discussed within all media forms in regards to both men and women, however more so for women. Also, ageing and self-image are often not directly addressed within academic texts that analyse the impacts of ageing, yet the physical symptoms of menopause can psychologically impact a woman as mentioned previously in this discussion. Furthermore, despite surveys and questionnaires forming knowledge in regards to the functional aspects of an elderly woman’s life, we know very little about their own perceptions on being someone who is considered as older by society (Queniart and Charpentier,

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