Frankenstein Literary Analysis

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The novel Frankenstein was written by Mary Shelley in the 1800s. The story is about a doctor, Frankenstein, and his hideous creation. The basis of the novel is to show the development of the character of the Creature, and to show how Nature versus Nurture affects Frankenstein’s creation.

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Most readers start reading with the idea that Frankenstein’s monster is a horrid being and deserved to be shunned from society, but after reading the novel, individuals realize the Creature is not actually a monster. Even though the novel Frankenstein is in the genre of Gothic Horror, the monster does not fit any of the classical horror archetypes, and is not actually a monster at all.

The archetypes of horror based characters include; the intelligent, sinister monster, the animalistic beast, the tragic character, and the madmen. The intelligent monster is the most evil, they can outsmart humans and want only to kill those it hunts, but is also patient and confident enough to kill anyone. They know what they are doing and why they do it. The animalistic beast, on the other hand, only follows its instincts. They do not know what they are doing, nor why they do it, but they feel like they have to. The tragic character is like a slave to another being, and must carry out evil actions against their will. The madmen are normal humans who have been afflicted by a mental illness or some sort of trauma, and are the mad scientists’ of films.

Frankenstein’s monster does not seem to fit any of these archetypes. The closest match is the animalistic beast, because in the beginning, the monster does not know what he is doing, and why he does it. However, the animalistic beast usually stays this way throughout the novel, and the Creature did not. He grew to realize that his animalistic urges were not a necessity, and developed to be more civilized, and not a monster at all. The Creature is most like the animalistic beast at the beginning of the story when he murders Victor’s brother in the middle of the night. ?Frankenstein! you belong to my enemy–to him towards whom I have sworn eternal revenge; you shall be my first victim,'(Frankenstein 126). He does this because he wants to hurt Victor for abandoning him, and does not know how to do that more than murdering his youngest brother.

As the novel continues and the Creature develops as a character, he changes and is no longer the animalistic beast’. He begins to think about his decisions and actions, and realizes that he does not want to hurt anyone, and he would rather be loved than feared. He comes across a family in a cottage and begins to adapt to the human way of life.

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