Infants are not able to adapt to the changes in the ecological conditions. The changes directly affect the health of the infants, whose parents and caregivers tend to ignore. The fact which the parents and caregivers need to understand is that their infants have a delicate body. For this reason, they are likely to face severe problems arising from changes in the environment in which they live. For instance, if the climate changes from a dry spell to a rainy season, then there would be occurrences of stagnating waters in the surrounding. In addition to that, the ground will produce more of the wild plants because of the favorable climatic conditions. Parents and caregivers need to be vigilant on these changes and be aware of the possible effects that they have on the health of the infant children. They need not underrate the effect of the stagnated water. It creates favorable conditions for the breeding and survival of mosquitoes. It means, therefore, that the infants are at increased risk of contracting illnesses such as malaria.
The stagnant water may also provide a breeding ground for water snail, which causes dangerous illnesses such as bilharzia (In Edelman et al. 2014). It is necessary that the adults who take care of the children take steps to manage the environment, which will help in saving the infants from the possible health hazards. They should not wait until the kids develop signs of illnesses. They should take to account the fact that the kids are at a higher risk of falling sick, as opposed to the adults. It is their responsibility to ensure that they prevent them from any possible harm.
Flooding, the environmental factor under analysis has more effects other than the breeding of mosquitoes. It is vital for the progenitors and caregivers to understand that flu viruses are contagious (In Edelman et al. 2014). As such, they spread with ease during the rainy season and at the time when floods occur. For this reason, floods are detrimental to the health of the infants; they ease the spread of flu viruses. The rate of transmission of the viruses from one person to the other is higher during the flood season.
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