This paper discusses eight published articles that explore results from research conducted using telehealth and its effect on diabetes management in adults. The articles vary in their modes of intervention. Most articles used traditional intervention such as an office visit for comparison. This paper examines all articles included to suggest that telehealth in general has an effect of diabetes management in adults, and that different modes of intervention should be studied in order to fully understand how telehealth intervention influences diabetic patients.
Telehealth can be defined as a means of delivering healthcare communications through telecommunications technology (Hovey, 2018). This allows a provider to treat a patient without physically being in the same location. Telehealth is a broad topic that encompasses the term telemedicine. Telemedicine can be defined as the exchange of medical information from one site to another via electronic communications for improving patients health, according to the American Telemedicine Association (2012). This can include the use of remote technology to replace office visits with remote visits, and remote patient training and monitoring. Many of the references used include the terms telehealth and telemedicine, and often use similar interventions.
Providers and patients, in different locations, are connected through audio or video communication tools. Remote patient monitoring tools such as home blood pressure monitors can be incorporated in. There are many benefits and few drawbacks to telehealth. Some drawbacks of telehealth can be difficulty differentiating symptoms, such as a runny nose versus tearing eyes (Bowman, 2014). Certain behaviors and symptoms concerning domestic violence and suicide risk may also be easily overlooked. In America, healthcare is expensive for all parties involved. The implantation of telehealth offers technology that can offer increased access to healthcare at a value. This can include less travel and reduced emergency room visits.
Telehealth is a significant part of healthcare in that it offers an alternative means of treating patients that can benefit both the provider and patient. According to the Center for Disease Control (National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017), more than one hundred million U.S adults are now living with pre-diabetes or diabetes and it remains one of the most leading causes of death in the Unites States.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not properly process food to use as energy (National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017). Diabetes has two types. Though there is childhood diabetes and gestational diabetes, they will not be discussed in this paper. Type 1 is known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus which can include autoimmune, genetic and environmental risk factors. Type 2 diabetes is when the body does not use insulin properly, and causes blood glucose levels to rise higher than normal. Type 2 risk factors include age, family history, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity and race/ethnicity. Diabetes can lead to other comorbidities such as heart disease, blindness,
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