Data means information which is being processed by automatically operating equipment in response to instructions given for a particular purpose. Data is also a part of a â€œrelevant filling systemâ€. Data is recorded with the intention that it should be processed by means of such equipment.
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Data also is recorded information held by public authority. There are few other definitions on data which are data subject which means that any living individual who is the subject of personal data. Data user, the person who process or has control over or authorizes the processing of personal data. Data controller is those registered corporate body. Identification number Personal Data means any personal information in respect of commercial transactions, it relates directly or indirectly to a data subject. Besides, personal data includes sensitive personal data physical or mental health, political opinions, religious beliefs, offences or any other data as the Minister may determine. In a different view, personal data means data relating to a living individual who is or can be identified either from the data or from the data in conjunction with other information that is in, or is likely to come into, the possession of the data controller. Personal data are valuable to entities in profiling customer, direct marketing, and also for the purpose of fraudulent transactions. Personal data many be in any form like:
It is important to note that, where the ability to identify an individual depends partly on the data held and partly on other information (not necessarily data), the data held will still be â€œpersonal dataâ€. Expression of opinion about the personal data shall mean any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person or data Subject, an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number or to one or more factors specific to his physical, physiological, mental, economic, cultural or social identity. The definition can be deliberately a very broad one. In principle, it covers any information that relates to an identifiable, living individual. However, it needs to be borne in mind that data may become personal from information that could likely come into the possession of a data controller.
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