Disasters are usually followed by significant adversities. Private firms suffer losses beyond measure when disasters strike and the sector lose quite a lot financially. It is thus paramount that individuals share a given responsibility to contribute to the preparedness and capacity of response of their distinct communities (Kahan et al., 2009). Measures of preparedness include setting up initiatives like the Continuity of Government and Continuity of Operations that aim at acting promptly in the face of disasters.
The continuity of government is a principle that establishes set and described procedures which give the government the permission to proceed with its key operations in the face of a disastrous occurrence. Such a disaster could be a nuclear war or major earthquake. The Continuity of Government was coined by the government of Britain in the time of the Second World War and was intended to counter all possible threats like the bombing of Luftwaffe (Kahan et al., 2009). With time, the need for the principle has gained both momentum and urgency. Courtesy of this increased urgency, the principle has undergone various advancements and adjustments in terms of scope. The United States does not limit the principle to nuclear emergencies only and such has been the case since the principle was activated just after the 9/11 bombing attack.
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The continuity of operations is an initiative by the federal government of the United States that requires all agencies manage to continue conducting crucial functions under a range of circumstances as per the Presidential Policy Directive 40 (Waugh Jr, 2013). According to the Presidential Policy Directive 40, the continuity plan development is inclusive of all the executive branches of the federal government and the developed agencies are integrated.
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