Construction claims

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LIRATTURE REVIEW

Literature Review on contractual issues arising claims

Avoiding construction claims and disputes requires understanding of the contractual terms, early no adversarial communication, and understanding of causes of claims.(Cheryl Semple, Francis T. Hartman, and George Jergeas) identify some of the critical element in construction contract, and investigates the causes of claims, categories of compensation of claims and contract clauses quoted in claims by studying high-rise apartment building and institutional buildings. Construction contract determines the basis for the relationship between the parties involved in it.

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A contract is a promise or agreement that the law will enforce. Construction contract are very often long, complex document, consequently, disagreement or disputes can arise regarding contractual obligations or expectations, when one party feels that the contractual obligations or expectations have not been meet and they fell that they deserve monetary and/or time compensation they may submit a claim. A claim is defined as an assertation to the right to remedy, relief or property (Canadian Law Directory)

Currently construction industry in UAE has number of disputes arrives because of disputed in legal document and poor coordination in general and particular condition of contract. UAE is fast growing country in terms of construction and lots of competition for getting the project because of that contractors are bidding less and claiming more amounts. A client tries to reduce the over all cost of project and contractors tries to get more profit and result is disputes arise. Every claim submitted by the contractor puts presser on client and consequently it affect increasing property price. That is why construction claim are considered as the most unpleasant event in construction industry. Claims can be reduced by proper arrangement of scope of work in contract document. Contract is the document which explains all rolls and liabilities of the parties involved in it. For the purpose of study for analyzing contractual issues literature review is divided in two parts. First part will discuss on Contract law in general and particular terms used in formation of construction contract. Second chapter will discuss on Claims under FIDIC contract and previous research in claims.

1 Introduction to contract law
1.1 Legal systems

A legal system, is a system for identifying factual situations where the state will impose sanctions on a person (criminal law), where one person can seek redress from another person (civil law), and where a person can challenge decisions of the state and public bodies, such as local authorities (administrative law)1. For example: If someone takes property belonging to another with the intention of permanently depriving them of that property, this is categorized by the criminal law as a crime (theft) for which the state can seek an order for imprisonment, a fine or both. The same conduct is categorized by the civil law as a tort (known as conversion) for which the person whose property is taken can seek an order requiring the person taking the property to return it,

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