Comparative Analysis on the Juvenile Justice and the Adult Court Systems

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This paper will examine the many differences between juvenile justices and adult court systems. As you may already know, there are two different correction facilities people can go to. Juvenile is for the young adults not above the age of eighteen and the adult court systems is the court where you can go if you are above the age of eighteen.

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In this paper, you will find out if there should be separate juvenile justice systems, how the two justices systems differ and the different terminology between the adult and juvenile systems and why they are important. Since juvenile institutions differ from adult institutions, it effects institutional management and you will figure out how. You will also find out about how I feel about it being two separate distinct systems.

I agree that there ought to be two distinct systems because adults and young adults should be treated differently, although they are participating in illegal acts there should be two systems. We should have two separate systems because young adults need to be separated from adults and, it is a sense of fairness. Young adults may not be able to take the same punishment as an adult and juveniles and adults should be treated differently. Also, if they were to place everyone into one system that would cause some overcrowding as well. If overcrowding does happen to happen, then more people are bound to get abused more than they already do in jail. The conditions in any correctional facility are already poor but to have an overcrowded one would probably make matter worse. If you mix adults and juveniles together in one, then that becomes very unjust and unfair. The juvenile justice system is over 100 years old. It was created to address court cases for individuals under the age of eighteen. In the nineteenth century, there was a line drawn to separate juveniles and adults. Today, the setup of juveniles remains the same as it did hundreds of years ago. What has changed is the rights that juveniles have while getting their way through the system. Depending on the juveniles age and how serious the offense is, he or she could face a bind over. A bind over is a proceeding to determine if the juvenile should be tried as an adult in court instead of as a minor (N.D.)

Being that there are two separate criminal justice systems, that comes with different terminology. There are many different terminologies because officers and families need to be able to identify if it is a child or an adult. In the juvenile system, you have words like delinquent instead of criminal, hearing instead of trial, order to appear instead of warrant for arrest, disposition instead of sentence and held in detention instead of imprisoned.

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